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version 1.20, 2013/11/02 19:53:05 version 1.42, 2021/05/26 04:44:14
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 /*=========================================== /*===========================================
  
    The following 14 functions calculate the following spaceweather indices:   The following functions calculate these spaceweather indices from the vector magnetic field data:
  
     USFLUX Total unsigned flux in Maxwells     USFLUX Total unsigned flux in Maxwells
     MEANGAM Mean inclination angle, gamma, in degrees     MEANGAM Mean inclination angle, gamma, in degrees
Line 17 
Line 18 
     MEANPOT Mean photospheric excess magnetic energy density in ergs per cubic centimeter     MEANPOT Mean photospheric excess magnetic energy density in ergs per cubic centimeter
     TOTPOT Total photospheric magnetic energy density in ergs per cubic centimeter     TOTPOT Total photospheric magnetic energy density in ergs per cubic centimeter
     MEANSHR Mean shear angle (measured using Btotal) in degrees     MEANSHR Mean shear angle (measured using Btotal) in degrees
    CMASK The total number of pixels that contributed to the calculation of all the indices listed above
   
    And these spaceweather indices from the line-of-sight magnetic field data:
    USFLUXL Total unsigned flux in Maxwells
    MEANGBL Mean value of the line-of-sight field gradient, in Gauss/Mm
    CMASKL The total number of pixels that contributed to the calculation of USFLUXL and MEANGBL
    R_VALUE Karel Schrijver's R parameter
  
    The indices are calculated on the pixels in which the conf_disambig segment is greater than 70 and    The indices are calculated on the pixels in which the conf_disambig segment is greater than 70 and
    pixels in which the bitmap segment is greater than 30. These ranges are selected because the CCD    pixels in which the bitmap segment is greater than 30. These ranges are selected because the CCD
Line 245  int computeB_total(float *bx_err, float
Line 253  int computeB_total(float *bx_err, float
 /*===========================================*/ /*===========================================*/
 /* Example function 5:  Derivative of B_Total SQRT( (dBt/dx)^2 + (dBt/dy)^2 ) */ /* Example function 5:  Derivative of B_Total SQRT( (dBt/dx)^2 + (dBt/dy)^2 ) */
  
 int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_btotal_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bt, float *dery_bt, float *bt_err, float *mean_derivative_btotal_err_ptr)  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_btotal_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bt, float *dery_bt, float *bt_err, float *mean_derivative_btotal_err_ptr, float *err_termAt, float *err_termBt)
 { {
  
     int nx = dims[0];     int nx = dims[0];
Line 265  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
Line 273  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
               {               {
                 derx_bt[j * nx + i] = (bt[j * nx + i+1] - bt[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;                 derx_bt[j * nx + i] = (bt[j * nx + i+1] - bt[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;
              err_termAt[j * nx + i] = (((bt[j * nx + (i+1)]-bt[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bt[j * nx + (i+1)]-bt[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bt_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bt_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bt_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bt_err[j * nx + (i-1)])) ;
               }               }
           }           }
  
Line 274  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
Line 283  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
               {               {
                 dery_bt[j * nx + i] = (bt[(j+1) * nx + i] - bt[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;                 dery_bt[j * nx + i] = (bt[(j+1) * nx + i] - bt[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;
              err_termBt[j * nx + i] = (((bt[(j+1) * nx + i]-bt[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bt[(j+1) * nx + i]-bt[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bt_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bt_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bt_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bt_err[(j-1) * nx + i])) ;
               }               }
           }           }
  
       /* consider the edges for the arrays that contribute to the variable "sum" in the computation below.
         /* consider the edges */      ignore the edges for the error terms as those arrays have been initialized to zero.
       this is okay because the error term will ultimately not include the edge pixels as they are selected out by the mask and bitmask arrays.*/
         i=0;         i=0;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
Line 303  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
Line 314  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
              dery_bt[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bt[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bt[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bt[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;              dery_bt[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bt[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bt[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bt[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
       // Calculate the sum only
         for (i = 1; i <= nx-2; i++)         for (i = 1; i <= nx-2; i++)
           {           {
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
             {             {
                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;
                if isnan(derx_bt[j * nx + i]) continue;              if ( (derx_bt[j * nx + i] + dery_bt[j * nx + i]) == 0) continue;
                if isnan(dery_bt[j * nx + i]) continue;  
                if isnan(bt[j * nx + i])      continue;                if isnan(bt[j * nx + i])      continue;
               if isnan(bt[(j+1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bt[(j-1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bt[j * nx + i-1])    continue;
               if isnan(bt[j * nx + i+1])    continue;
                if isnan(bt_err[j * nx + i])  continue;                if isnan(bt_err[j * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(derx_bt[j * nx + i]) continue;
               if isnan(dery_bt[j * nx + i]) continue;
                sum += sqrt( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */                sum += sqrt( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */
                err += (((bt[(j+1) * nx + i]-bt[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bt[(j+1) * nx + i]-bt[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bt_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bt_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bt_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bt_err[(j-1) * nx + i])) / (16.0*( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  ))+              err += err_termBt[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  ))+
                       (((bt[j * nx + (i+1)]-bt[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bt[j * nx + (i+1)]-bt[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bt_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bt_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bt_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bt_err[j * nx + (i-1)])) / (16.0*( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  )) ;                     err_termAt[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bt[j * nx + i]*derx_bt[j * nx + i]  + dery_bt[j * nx + i]*dery_bt[j * nx + i]  )) ;
                count_mask++;                count_mask++;
             }             }
           }           }
Line 332  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
Line 348  int computeBtotalderivative(float *bt, i
 /*===========================================*/ /*===========================================*/
 /* Example function 6:  Derivative of Bh SQRT( (dBh/dx)^2 + (dBh/dy)^2 ) */ /* Example function 6:  Derivative of Bh SQRT( (dBh/dx)^2 + (dBh/dy)^2 ) */
  
 int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float *bh_err, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_bh_ptr, float *mean_derivative_bh_err_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bh, float *dery_bh)  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float *bh_err, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_bh_ptr, float *mean_derivative_bh_err_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bh, float *dery_bh, float *err_termAh, float *err_termBh)
 { {
  
      int nx = dims[0];      int nx = dims[0];
Line 352  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
Line 368  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
               {               {
                 derx_bh[j * nx + i] = (bh[j * nx + i+1] - bh[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;                 derx_bh[j * nx + i] = (bh[j * nx + i+1] - bh[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;
              err_termAh[j * nx + i] = (((bh[j * nx + (i+1)]-bh[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bh[j * nx + (i+1)]-bh[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bh_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bh_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bh_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bh_err[j * nx + (i-1)]));
               }               }
           }           }
  
Line 361  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
Line 378  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
               {               {
                 dery_bh[j * nx + i] = (bh[(j+1) * nx + i] - bh[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;                 dery_bh[j * nx + i] = (bh[(j+1) * nx + i] - bh[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;
             err_termBh[j * nx + i] = (((bh[ (j+1) * nx + i]-bh[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bh[(j+1) * nx + i]-bh[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bh_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bh_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bh_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bh_err[(j-1) * nx + i]));
               }               }
           }           }
  
       /* consider the edges for the arrays that contribute to the variable "sum" in the computation below.
         /* consider the edges */      ignore the edges for the error terms as those arrays have been initialized to zero.
       this is okay because the error term will ultimately not include the edge pixels as they are selected out by the mask and bitmask arrays.*/
         i=0;         i=0;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
Line 396  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
Line 415  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
             {             {
                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;
               if ( (derx_bh[j * nx + i] + dery_bh[j * nx + i]) == 0) continue;
               if isnan(bh[j * nx + i])      continue;
               if isnan(bh[(j+1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bh[(j-1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bh[j * nx + i-1])    continue;
               if isnan(bh[j * nx + i+1])    continue;
               if isnan(bh_err[j * nx + i])  continue;
                if isnan(derx_bh[j * nx + i]) continue;                if isnan(derx_bh[j * nx + i]) continue;
                if isnan(dery_bh[j * nx + i]) continue;                if isnan(dery_bh[j * nx + i]) continue;
                sum += sqrt( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */                sum += sqrt( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */
                err += (((bh[(j+1) * nx + i]-bh[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bh[(j+1) * nx + i]-bh[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bh_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bh_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bh_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bh_err[(j-1) * nx + i])) / (16.0*( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  ))+              err += err_termBh[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  ))+
                       (((bh[j * nx + (i+1)]-bh[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bh[j * nx + (i+1)]-bh[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bh_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bh_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bh_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bh_err[j * nx + (i-1)])) / (16.0*( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  )) ;                     err_termAh[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bh[j * nx + i]*derx_bh[j * nx + i]  + dery_bh[j * nx + i]*dery_bh[j * nx + i]  )) ;
                count_mask++;                count_mask++;
             }             }
           }           }
Line 416  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
Line 442  int computeBhderivative(float *bh, float
 /*===========================================*/ /*===========================================*/
 /* Example function 7:  Derivative of B_vertical SQRT( (dBz/dx)^2 + (dBz/dy)^2 ) */ /* Example function 7:  Derivative of B_vertical SQRT( (dBz/dx)^2 + (dBz/dy)^2 ) */
  
 int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float *bz_err, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_bz_ptr, float *mean_derivative_bz_err_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bz, float *dery_bz)  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float *bz_err, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_bz_ptr, float *mean_derivative_bz_err_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask, float *derx_bz, float *dery_bz, float *err_termA, float *err_termB)
 { {
  
         int nx = dims[0];         int nx = dims[0];
Line 435  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
Line 461  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
           {           {
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
               {               {
                 if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
                 derx_bz[j * nx + i] = (bz[j * nx + i+1] - bz[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;                 derx_bz[j * nx + i] = (bz[j * nx + i+1] - bz[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;
              err_termA[j * nx + i] = (((bz[j * nx + (i+1)]-bz[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bz[j * nx + (i+1)]-bz[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bz_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bz_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bz_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bz_err[j * nx + (i-1)]));
               }               }
           }           }
  
Line 445  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
Line 471  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
           {           {
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
               {               {
                 if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
                 dery_bz[j * nx + i] = (bz[(j+1) * nx + i] - bz[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;                 dery_bz[j * nx + i] = (bz[(j+1) * nx + i] - bz[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;
              err_termB[j * nx + i] = (((bz[(j+1) * nx + i]-bz[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bz[(j+1) * nx + i]-bz[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bz_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bz_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bz_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bz_err[(j-1) * nx + i]));
               }               }
           }           }
  
       /* consider the edges for the arrays that contribute to the variable "sum" in the computation below.
         /* consider the edges */      ignore the edges for the error terms as those arrays have been initialized to zero.
       this is okay because the error term will ultimately not include the edge pixels as they are selected out by the mask and bitmask arrays.*/
         i=0;         i=0;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              derx_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (4*bz[j * nx + (i+1)]) - (bz[j * nx + (i+2)]) )*0.5;              derx_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (4*bz[j * nx + (i+1)]) - (bz[j * nx + (i+2)]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         i=nx-1;         i=nx-1;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              derx_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bz[j * nx + (i-1)]) - (-bz[j * nx + (i-2)]) )*0.5;              derx_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bz[j * nx + (i-1)]) - (-bz[j * nx + (i-2)]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         j=0;         j=0;
         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              dery_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bz[j*nx + i]) + (4*bz[(j+1) * nx + i]) - (bz[(j+2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;              dery_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bz[j*nx + i]) + (4*bz[(j+1) * nx + i]) - (bz[(j+2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         j=ny-1;         j=ny-1;
         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              dery_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bz[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bz[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;              dery_bz[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bz[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bz[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bz[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
Line 485  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
Line 508  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
           {           {
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
             {             {
                // if ( (derx_bz[j * nx + i]-dery_bz[j * nx + i]) == 0) continue;  
                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;                if ( mask[j * nx + i] < 70 || bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;
               if ( (derx_bz[j * nx + i] + dery_bz[j * nx + i]) == 0) continue;
                if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;                if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;
                //if isnan(bz_err[j * nx + i]) continue;              if isnan(bz[(j+1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bz[(j-1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(bz[j * nx + i-1])    continue;
               if isnan(bz[j * nx + i+1])    continue;
               if isnan(bz_err[j * nx + i])  continue;
                if isnan(derx_bz[j * nx + i]) continue;                if isnan(derx_bz[j * nx + i]) continue;
                if isnan(dery_bz[j * nx + i]) continue;                if isnan(dery_bz[j * nx + i]) continue;
                sum += sqrt( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */                sum += sqrt( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  ); /* Units of Gauss */
                err += (((bz[(j+1) * nx + i]-bz[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bz[(j+1) * nx + i]-bz[(j-1) * nx + i])) * (bz_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bz_err[(j+1) * nx + i] + bz_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bz_err[(j-1) * nx + i])) / (16.0*( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  ))+              err += err_termB[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  )) +
                       (((bz[j * nx + (i+1)]-bz[j * nx + (i-1)])*(bz[j * nx + (i+1)]-bz[j * nx + (i-1)])) * (bz_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*bz_err[j * nx + (i+1)] + bz_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*bz_err[j * nx + (i-1)])) / (16.0*( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  )) ;                     err_termA[j * nx + i] / (16.0*( derx_bz[j * nx + i]*derx_bz[j * nx + i]  + dery_bz[j * nx + i]*dery_bz[j * nx + i]  )) ;
                count_mask++;                count_mask++;
             }             }
           }           }
Line 544  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
Line 571  int computeBzderivative(float *bz, float
 //              float *noiseby, float *noisebz) //              float *noiseby, float *noisebz)
  
 int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_err, float *bx, float *by, int *dims, float *jz, float *jz_err, float *jz_err_squared, int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_err, float *bx, float *by, int *dims, float *jz, float *jz_err, float *jz_err_squared,
               int *mask, int *bitmask, float cdelt1, double rsun_ref, double rsun_obs,float *derx, float *dery)                int *mask, int *bitmask, float cdelt1, double rsun_ref, double rsun_obs,float *derx, float *dery, float *err_term1, float *err_term2)
  
  
 { {
Line 563  int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_e
Line 590  int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_e
           {           {
             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)             for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
               {               {
                  if isnan(by[j * nx + i]) continue;  
                  derx[j * nx + i] = (by[j * nx + i+1] - by[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;                  derx[j * nx + i] = (by[j * nx + i+1] - by[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;
              err_term1[j * nx + i] = (by_err[j * nx + i+1])*(by_err[j * nx + i+1]) + (by_err[j * nx + i-1])*(by_err[j * nx + i-1]);
               }               }
           }           }
  
Line 572  int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_e
Line 599  int computeJz(float *bx_err, float *by_e
           {           {
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
               {               {
                  if isnan(bx[j * nx + i]) continue;  
                  dery[j * nx + i] = (bx[(j+1) * nx + i] - bx[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;                  dery[j * nx + i] = (bx[(j+1) * nx + i] - bx[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;
              err_term2[j * nx + i] = (bx_err[(j+1) * nx + i])*(bx_err[(j+1) * nx + i]) + (bx_err[(j-1) * nx + i])*(bx_err[(j-1) * nx + i]);
               }               }
           }           }
  
         // consider the edges      /* consider the edges for the arrays that contribute to the variable "sum" in the computation below.
       ignore the edges for the error terms as those arrays have been initialized to zero.
       this is okay because the error term will ultimately not include the edge pixels as they are selected out by the mask and bitmask arrays.*/
   
         i=0;         i=0;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
              if isnan(by[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              derx[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*by[j * nx + i]) + (4*by[j * nx + (i+1)]) - (by[j * nx + (i+2)]) )*0.5;              derx[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*by[j * nx + i]) + (4*by[j * nx + (i+1)]) - (by[j * nx + (i+2)]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         i=nx-1;         i=nx-1;
         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)         for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {           {
              if isnan(by[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              derx[j * nx + i] = ( (3*by[j * nx + i]) + (-4*by[j * nx + (i-1)]) - (-by[j * nx + (i-2)]) )*0.5;              derx[j * nx + i] = ( (3*by[j * nx + i]) + (-4*by[j * nx + (i-1)]) - (-by[j * nx + (i-2)]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         j=0;         j=0;
         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bx[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              dery[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bx[j*nx + i]) + (4*bx[(j+1) * nx + i]) - (bx[(j+2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;              dery[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*bx[j*nx + i]) + (4*bx[(j+1) * nx + i]) - (bx[(j+2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         j=ny-1;         j=ny-1;
         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)         for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
           {           {
              if isnan(bx[j * nx + i]) continue;  
              dery[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bx[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bx[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bx[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;              dery[j * nx + i] = ( (3*bx[j * nx + i]) + (-4*bx[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-bx[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
           }           }
  
         for (i = 1; i <= nx-2; i++)  
       for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
           {           {
             for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)          for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
             {             {
                // calculate jz at all points                // calculate jz at all points
   
                jz[j * nx + i]            = (derx[j * nx + i]-dery[j * nx + i]);       // jz is in units of Gauss/pix                jz[j * nx + i]            = (derx[j * nx + i]-dery[j * nx + i]);       // jz is in units of Gauss/pix
                jz_err[j * nx + i]        = 0.5*sqrt( (bx_err[(j+1) * nx + i]*bx_err[(j+1) * nx + i]) + (bx_err[(j-1) * nx + i]*bx_err[(j-1) * nx + i]) +              jz_err[j * nx + i]        = 0.5*sqrt( err_term1[j * nx + i] + err_term2[j * nx + i] ) ;
                                                      (by_err[j * nx + (i+1)]*by_err[j * nx + (i+1)]) + (by_err[j * nx + (i-1)]*by_err[j * nx + (i-1)]) ) ;  
                jz_err_squared[j * nx + i]= (jz_err[j * nx + i]*jz_err[j * nx + i]);                jz_err_squared[j * nx + i]= (jz_err[j * nx + i]*jz_err[j * nx + i]);
                count_mask++;                count_mask++;
   
             }             }
           }           }
         return 0;         return 0;
Line 797  int computeHelicity(float *jz_err, float
Line 821  int computeHelicity(float *jz_err, float
         *total_us_ih_err_ptr  = (sqrt(err))*(1/cdelt1)*(rsun_obs/rsun_ref) ;            // error in the quantity TOTUSJH         *total_us_ih_err_ptr  = (sqrt(err))*(1/cdelt1)*(rsun_obs/rsun_ref) ;            // error in the quantity TOTUSJH
         *total_abs_ih_err_ptr = (sqrt(err))*(1/cdelt1)*(rsun_obs/rsun_ref) ;            // error in the quantity ABSNJZH         *total_abs_ih_err_ptr = (sqrt(err))*(1/cdelt1)*(rsun_obs/rsun_ref) ;            // error in the quantity ABSNJZH
  
         printf("MEANJZH=%f\n",*mean_ih_ptr);      //printf("MEANJZH=%f\n",*mean_ih_ptr);
         printf("MEANJZH_err=%f\n",*mean_ih_err_ptr);      //printf("MEANJZH_err=%f\n",*mean_ih_err_ptr);
  
         printf("TOTUSJH=%f\n",*total_us_ih_ptr);      //printf("TOTUSJH=%f\n",*total_us_ih_ptr);
         printf("TOTUSJH_err=%f\n",*total_us_ih_err_ptr);      //printf("TOTUSJH_err=%f\n",*total_us_ih_err_ptr);
  
         printf("ABSNJZH=%f\n",*total_abs_ih_ptr);      //printf("ABSNJZH=%f\n",*total_abs_ih_ptr);
         printf("ABSNJZH_err=%f\n",*total_abs_ih_err_ptr);      //printf("ABSNJZH_err=%f\n",*total_abs_ih_err_ptr);
  
         return 0;         return 0;
 } }
Line 813  int computeHelicity(float *jz_err, float
Line 837  int computeHelicity(float *jz_err, float
 /* Example function 12:  Sum of Absolute Value per polarity  */ /* Example function 12:  Sum of Absolute Value per polarity  */
  
 //  The Sum of the Absolute Value per polarity is defined as the following: //  The Sum of the Absolute Value per polarity is defined as the following:
 //  fabs(sum(jz gt 0)) + fabs(sum(jz lt 0)) and the units are in Amperes.  //  fabs(sum(jz gt 0)) + fabs(sum(jz lt 0)) and the units are in Amperes per square arcsecond.
 //  The units of jz are in G/pix. In this case, we would have the following: //  The units of jz are in G/pix. In this case, we would have the following:
 //  Jz = (Gauss/pix)(1/CDELT1)(0.00010)(1/MUNAUGHT)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)(RSUN_OBS/RSUN_REF), //  Jz = (Gauss/pix)(1/CDELT1)(0.00010)(1/MUNAUGHT)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)(RSUN_OBS/RSUN_REF),
 //     = (Gauss/pix)(1/CDELT1)(0.00010)(1/MUNAUGHT)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS) //     = (Gauss/pix)(1/CDELT1)(0.00010)(1/MUNAUGHT)(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)
Line 850  int computeSumAbsPerPolarity(float *jz_e
Line 874  int computeSumAbsPerPolarity(float *jz_e
               }               }
           }           }
  
         *totaljzptr    = fabs(sum1) + fabs(sum2);  /* Units are A */      *totaljzptr    = fabs(sum1) + fabs(sum2);  /* Units are Amperes per arcsecond */
         *totaljz_err_ptr = sqrt(err)*(1/cdelt1)*fabs((0.00010)*(1/MUNAUGHT)*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs));         *totaljz_err_ptr = sqrt(err)*(1/cdelt1)*fabs((0.00010)*(1/MUNAUGHT)*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs));
         //printf("SAVNCPP=%g\n",*totaljzptr);         //printf("SAVNCPP=%g\n",*totaljzptr);
         //printf("SAVNCPP_err=%g\n",*totaljz_err_ptr);         //printf("SAVNCPP_err=%g\n",*totaljz_err_ptr);
Line 926  int computeFreeEnergy(float *bx_err, flo
Line 950  int computeFreeEnergy(float *bx_err, flo
  
 int computeShearAngle(float *bx_err, float *by_err, float *bz_err, float *bx, float *by, float *bz, float *bpx, float *bpy, float *bpz, int *dims, int computeShearAngle(float *bx_err, float *by_err, float *bz_err, float *bx, float *by, float *bz, float *bpx, float *bpy, float *bpz, int *dims,
                       float *meanshear_angleptr, float *meanshear_angle_err_ptr, float *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask)                       float *meanshear_angleptr, float *meanshear_angle_err_ptr, float *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask)
   
   
 { {
         int nx = dims[0];         int nx = dims[0];
         int ny = dims[1];         int ny = dims[1];
         int i = 0;         int i = 0;
         int j = 0;         int j = 0;
         int count_mask = 0;      float count_mask = 0;
       float count = 0;
         double dotproduct = 0.0;         double dotproduct = 0.0;
         double magnitude_potential = 0.0;         double magnitude_potential = 0.0;
         double magnitude_vector = 0.0;         double magnitude_vector = 0.0;
         double shear_angle = 0.0;         double shear_angle = 0.0;
         double denominator = 0.0;         double denominator = 0.0;
         double err = 0.0;  
         double sum = 0.0;  
         double count = 0.0;  
         double term1 = 0.0;         double term1 = 0.0;
         double term2 = 0.0;         double term2 = 0.0;
         double term3 = 0.0;         double term3 = 0.0;
       double sumsum = 0.0;
       double err = 0.0;
       double part1 = 0.0;
       double part2 = 0.0;
       double part3 = 0.0;
         *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr = 0.0;         *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr = 0.0;
         *meanshear_angleptr = 0.0;         *meanshear_angleptr = 0.0;
  
Line 959  int computeShearAngle(float *bx_err, flo
Line 988  int computeShearAngle(float *bx_err, flo
                  if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;                  if isnan(bz[j * nx + i]) continue;
                  if isnan(bx[j * nx + i]) continue;                  if isnan(bx[j * nx + i]) continue;
                  if isnan(by[j * nx + i]) continue;                  if isnan(by[j * nx + i]) continue;
               if isnan(bx_err[j * nx + i]) continue;
               if isnan(by_err[j * nx + i]) continue;
               if isnan(bz_err[j * nx + i]) continue;
   
                  /* For mean 3D shear angle, percentage with shear greater than 45*/                  /* For mean 3D shear angle, percentage with shear greater than 45*/
                  dotproduct            = (bpx[j * nx + i])*(bx[j * nx + i]) + (bpy[j * nx + i])*(by[j * nx + i]) + (bpz[j * nx + i])*(bz[j * nx + i]);                  dotproduct            = (bpx[j * nx + i])*(bx[j * nx + i]) + (bpy[j * nx + i])*(by[j * nx + i]) + (bpz[j * nx + i])*(bz[j * nx + i]);
                  magnitude_potential   = sqrt( (bpx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i]) + (bpy[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i]) + (bpz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i]));                  magnitude_potential   = sqrt( (bpx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i]) + (bpy[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i]) + (bpz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i]));
                  magnitude_vector      = sqrt( (bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i])   + (by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i])   + (bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) );                  magnitude_vector      = sqrt( (bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i])   + (by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i])   + (bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) );
               //printf("dotproduct=%f\n",dotproduct);
               //printf("magnitude_potential=%f\n",magnitude_potential);
               //printf("magnitude_vector=%f\n",magnitude_vector);
   
                  shear_angle           = acos(dotproduct/(magnitude_potential*magnitude_vector))*(180./PI);                  shear_angle           = acos(dotproduct/(magnitude_potential*magnitude_vector))*(180./PI);
                  sum                   += shear_angle ;              sumsum                  += shear_angle;
               //printf("shear_angle=%f\n",shear_angle);
                  count ++;                  count ++;
   
                  if (shear_angle > 45) count_mask ++;                  if (shear_angle > 45) count_mask ++;
  
                  /* For the error analysis*/              // For the error analysis
                  // terms 1,2, and 3 are not squared  
                  term1 = -by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bx[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*(bx[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - bz[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i]);              term1 = bx[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] - by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i];
                  term2 =  bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] - bx[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*(bz[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] - by[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i]);              term2 = bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] - bx[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bx[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] - bz[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i];
                  term3 =  bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - bx[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*(by[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - bz[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i]);              term3 = bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - bx[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i] - by[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i];
   
               part1 = bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i];
               part2 = bpx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bpy[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bpz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i];
               part3 = bx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i];
  
                  // denominator is squared                  // denominator is squared
                  denominator = (bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) *              denominator = part1*part1*part1*part2*(1.0-((part3*part3)/(part1*part2)));
                                (bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) *  
                                (bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) *              err = (term1*term1*bx_err[j * nx + i]*bx_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator) +
                                (bpx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bpy[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] * bpz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i]) *              (term1*term1*bx_err[j * nx + i]*bx_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator) +
                                ( 1-( ((bx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i])  *              (term1*term1*bx_err[j * nx + i]*bx_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator) ;
                                       (bx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + by[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i])) /  
                                      ((bx[j * nx + i]*bx[j * nx + i]  + by[j * nx + i]*by[j * nx + i]  + bz[j * nx + i]*bz[j * nx + i]) * (bpx[j * nx + i]*bpx[j * nx + i] + bpy[j * nx + i]*bpy[j * nx + i] + bpz[j * nx + i]*bpz[j * nx + i]))  ));  
   
                  err += ((term1*term1*bx_err[j * nx + i]*bx_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator)) +  
                         ((term2*term2*by_err[j * nx + i]*by_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator)) +  
                         ((term3*term3*bz_err[j * nx + i]*bz_err[j * nx + i])/(denominator)) ;  
               }               }
           }           }
   
         /* For mean 3D shear angle, area with shear greater than 45*/         /* For mean 3D shear angle, area with shear greater than 45*/
         *meanshear_angleptr = (sum)/(count);                 /* Units are degrees */      *meanshear_angleptr = (sumsum)/(count);                 /* Units are degrees */
         *meanshear_angle_err_ptr = ((sqrt(err))/(count))*(180./PI);  
       // For the error in the mean 3D shear angle:
       // If count_mask is 0, then we run into a divide by zero error. In this case, set *meanshear_angle_err_ptr to NAN
       // If count_mask is greater than zero, then compute the error.
       if (count_mask == 0)
           *meanshear_angle_err_ptr = NAN;
       else
           *meanshear_angle_err_ptr = (sqrt(err)/count_mask)*(180./PI);
  
         /* The area here is a fractional area -- the % of the total area. This has no error associated with it. */         /* The area here is a fractional area -- the % of the total area. This has no error associated with it. */
         *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr   = (count_mask/(count))*(100.0);         *area_w_shear_gt_45ptr   = (count_mask/(count))*(100.0);
  
         printf("MEANSHR=%f\n",*meanshear_angleptr);      //printf("MEANSHR=%f\n",*meanshear_angleptr);
         printf("MEANSHR_err=%f\n",*meanshear_angle_err_ptr);      //printf("ERRMSHA=%f\n",*meanshear_angle_err_ptr);
       //printf("SHRGT45=%f\n",*area_w_shear_gt_45ptr);
       return 0;
   }
   
   /*===========================================*/
   /* Example function 15: R parameter as defined in Schrijver, 2007 */
   //
   // Note that there is a restriction on the function fsample()
   // If the following occurs:
   //      nx_out > floor((ny_in-1)/scale + 1)
   //      ny_out > floor((ny_in-1)/scale + 1),
   // where n*_out are the dimensions of the output array and n*_in
   // are the dimensions of the input array, fsample() will usually result
   // in a segfault (though not always, depending on how the segfault was accessed.)
   
   int computeR(float *bz_err, float *los, int *dims, float *Rparam, float cdelt1,
                float *rim, float *p1p0, float *p1n0, float *p1p, float *p1n, float *p1,
                float *pmap, int nx1, int ny1,
                int scale, float *p1pad, int nxp, int nyp, float *pmapn)
   
   {
       int nx = dims[0];
       int ny = dims[1];
       int i = 0;
       int j = 0;
       int index, index1;
       double sum = 0.0;
       double err = 0.0;
       *Rparam = 0.0;
       struct fresize_struct fresboxcar, fresgauss;
       struct fint_struct fints;
       float sigma = 10.0/2.3548;
   
       // set up convolution kernels
       init_fresize_boxcar(&fresboxcar,1,1);
       init_fresize_gaussian(&fresgauss,sigma,20,1);
   
       // =============== [STEP 1] ===============
       // bin the line-of-sight magnetogram down by a factor of scale
       fsample(los, rim, nx, ny, nx, nx1, ny1, nx1, scale, 0, 0, 0.0);
   
       // =============== [STEP 2] ===============
       // identify positive and negative pixels greater than +/- 150 gauss
       // and label those pixels with a 1.0 in arrays p1p0 and p1n0
       for (i = 0; i < nx1; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j < ny1; j++)
           {
               index = j * nx1 + i;
               if (rim[index] > 150)
                   p1p0[index]=1.0;
               else
                   p1p0[index]=0.0;
               if (rim[index] < -150)
                   p1n0[index]=1.0;
               else
                   p1n0[index]=0.0;
           }
       }
   
       // =============== [STEP 3] ===============
       // smooth each of the negative and positive pixel bitmaps
       fresize(&fresboxcar, p1p0, p1p, nx1, ny1, nx1, nx1, ny1, nx1, 0, 0, 0.0);
       fresize(&fresboxcar, p1n0, p1n, nx1, ny1, nx1, nx1, ny1, nx1, 0, 0, 0.0);
   
       // =============== [STEP 4] ===============
       // find the pixels for which p1p and p1n are both equal to 1.
       // this defines the polarity inversion line
       for (i = 0; i < nx1; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j < ny1; j++)
           {
               index = j * nx1 + i;
               if ((p1p[index] > 0.0) && (p1n[index] > 0.0))
                   p1[index]=1.0;
               else
                   p1[index]=0.0;
           }
       }
   
       // pad p1 with zeroes so that the gaussian colvolution in step 5
       // does not cut off data within hwidth of the edge
   
       // step i: zero p1pad
       for (i = 0; i < nxp; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j < nyp; j++)
           {
               index = j * nxp + i;
               p1pad[index]=0.0;
           }
       }
   
       // step ii: place p1 at the center of p1pad
       for (i = 0; i < nx1; i++)
       {
          for (j = 0; j < ny1; j++)
          {
               index  = j * nx1 + i;
               index1 = (j+20) * nxp + (i+20);
               p1pad[index1]=p1[index];
           }
       }
   
       // =============== [STEP 5] ===============
       // convolve the polarity inversion line map with a gaussian
       // to identify the region near the plarity inversion line
       // the resultant array is called pmap
       fresize(&fresgauss, p1pad, pmap, nxp, nyp, nxp, nxp, nyp, nxp, 0, 0, 0.0);
   
   
      // select out the nx1 x ny1 non-padded array  within pmap
       for (i = 0; i < nx1; i++)
       {
          for (j = 0; j < ny1; j++)
          {
               index  = j * nx1 + i;
               index1 = (j+20) * nxp + (i+20);
               pmapn[index]=pmap[index1];
           }
       }
   
       // =============== [STEP 6] ===============
       // the R parameter is calculated
       for (i = 0; i < nx1; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j < ny1; j++)
           {
               index = j * nx1 + i;
               if isnan(pmapn[index]) continue;
               if isnan(rim[index]) continue;
               sum += pmapn[index]*abs(rim[index]);
           }
       }
   
       if (sum < 1.0)
           *Rparam = 0.0;
       else
           *Rparam = log10(sum);
   
       //printf("R_VALUE=%f\n",*Rparam);
   
       free_fresize(&fresboxcar);
       free_fresize(&fresgauss);
   
       return 0;
   
   }
   
   /*===========================================*/
   /* Example function 16: Lorentz force as defined in Fisher, 2012 */
   //
   // This calculation is adapted from Xudong's code
   // at /proj/cgem/lorentz/apps/lorentz.c
   
   int computeLorentz(float *bx,  float *by, float *bz, float *fx, float *fy, float *fz, int *dims,
                      float *totfx_ptr, float *totfy_ptr, float *totfz_ptr, float *totbsq_ptr,
                      float *epsx_ptr, float *epsy_ptr, float *epsz_ptr, int *mask, int *bitmask,
                      float cdelt1, double rsun_ref, double rsun_obs)
   
   {
   
       int nx = dims[0];
       int ny = dims[1];
       int nxny = nx*ny;
       int j = 0;
       int index;
       double totfx = 0, totfy = 0, totfz = 0;
       double bsq = 0, totbsq = 0;
       double epsx = 0, epsy = 0, epsz = 0;
       double area = cdelt1*cdelt1*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs)*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs)*100.0*100.0;
       double k_h = -1.0 * area / (4. * PI) / 1.0e20;
       double k_z = area / (8. * PI) / 1.0e20;
   
       if (nx <= 0 || ny <= 0) return 1;
   
       for (int i = 0; i < nxny; i++)
       {
          if ( mask[i] < 70 || bitmask[i] < 30 ) continue;
          if isnan(bx[i]) continue;
          if isnan(by[i]) continue;
          if isnan(bz[i]) continue;
          fx[i]  = bx[i] * bz[i] * k_h;
          fy[i]  = by[i] * bz[i] * k_h;
          fz[i]  = (bx[i] * bx[i] + by[i] * by[i] - bz[i] * bz[i]) * k_z;
          bsq    = bx[i] * bx[i] + by[i] * by[i] + bz[i] * bz[i];
          totfx  += fx[i]; totfy += fy[i]; totfz += fz[i];
          totbsq += bsq;
       }
   
       *totfx_ptr  = totfx;
       *totfy_ptr  = totfy;
       *totfz_ptr  = totfz;
       *totbsq_ptr = totbsq;
       *epsx_ptr   = (totfx / k_h) / totbsq;
       *epsy_ptr   = (totfy / k_h) / totbsq;
       *epsz_ptr   = (totfz / k_z) / totbsq;
   
       //printf("TOTBSQ=%f\n",*totbsq_ptr);
  
         return 0;         return 0;
   
   }
   
   /*===========================================*/
   
   /* Example function 17: Compute total unsigned flux in units of G/cm^2 on the LOS field */
   
   //  To compute the unsigned flux, we simply calculate
   //  flux = surface integral [(vector LOS) dot (normal vector)],
   //       = surface integral [(magnitude LOS)*(magnitude normal)*(cos theta)].
   //  However, since the field is radial, we will assume cos theta = 1.
   //  Therefore the pixels only need to be corrected for the projection.
   
   //  To convert G to G*cm^2, simply multiply by the number of square centimeters per pixel.
   //  As an order of magnitude estimate, we can assign 0.5 to CDELT1 and 722500m/arcsec to (RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS).
   //  (Gauss/pix^2)(CDELT1)^2(RSUN_REF/RSUN_OBS)^2(100.cm/m)^2
   //  =Gauss*cm^2
   
   int computeAbsFlux_los(float *los, int *dims, float *absFlux_los,
                          float *mean_vf_los_ptr, float *count_mask_los_ptr,
                          int *bitmask, float cdelt1, double rsun_ref, double rsun_obs)
   
   {
   
       int nx = dims[0];
       int ny = dims[1];
       int i = 0;
       int j = 0;
       int count_mask_los = 0;
       int countabit = 0;
       double sum = 0.0;
       *absFlux_los = 0.0;
       *mean_vf_los_ptr = 0.0;
   
   
       if (nx <= 0 || ny <= 0) return 1;
   
           for (i = 0; i < nx; i++)
           {
              for (j = 0; j < ny; j++)
              {
               if ( bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;
               if isnan(los[j * nx + i])
                 {countabit++; continue;}
               sum += (fabs(los[j * nx + i]));
               count_mask_los++;
              }
           }
   
       *mean_vf_los_ptr     = sum*cdelt1*cdelt1*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs)*(rsun_ref/rsun_obs)*100.0*100.0;
       *count_mask_los_ptr  = count_mask_los;
   
       //printf("USFLUXL=%f\n",*mean_vf_los_ptr);
       //printf("CMASKL=%f\n",*count_mask_los_ptr);
   
       return 0;
   }
   
   /*===========================================*/
   /* Example function 18:  Derivative of B_LOS (approximately B_vertical) = SQRT( ( dLOS/dx )^2 + ( dLOS/dy )^2 ) */
   
   int computeLOSderivative(float *los, int *dims, float *mean_derivative_los_ptr, int *bitmask, float *derx_los, float *dery_los)
   {
   
       int nx = dims[0];
       int ny = dims[1];
       int i = 0;
       int j = 0;
       int count_mask = 0;
       double sum = 0.0;
       *mean_derivative_los_ptr = 0.0;
   
       if (nx <= 0 || ny <= 0) return 1;
   
       /* brute force method of calculating the derivative (no consideration for edges) */
       for (i = 1; i <= nx-2; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {
              derx_los[j * nx + i] = (los[j * nx + i+1] - los[j * nx + i-1])*0.5;
           }
 } }
  
       /* brute force method of calculating the derivative (no consideration for edges) */
       for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
       {
           for (j = 1; j <= ny-2; j++)
           {
              dery_los[j * nx + i] = (los[(j+1) * nx + i] - los[(j-1) * nx + i])*0.5;
           }
       }
   
       /* consider the edges for the arrays that contribute to the variable "sum" in the computation below.
       ignore the edges for the error terms as those arrays have been initialized to zero.
       this is okay because the error term will ultimately not include the edge pixels as they are selected out by the mask and bitmask arrays.*/
       i=0;
       for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
       {
           derx_los[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*los[j * nx + i]) + (4*los[j * nx + (i+1)]) - (los[j * nx + (i+2)]) )*0.5;
       }
   
       i=nx-1;
       for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
       {
           derx_los[j * nx + i] = ( (3*los[j * nx + i]) + (-4*los[j * nx + (i-1)]) - (-los[j * nx + (i-2)]) )*0.5;
       }
   
       j=0;
       for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
       {
           dery_los[j * nx + i] = ( (-3*los[j*nx + i]) + (4*los[(j+1) * nx + i]) - (los[(j+2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
       }
   
       j=ny-1;
       for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
       {
           dery_los[j * nx + i] = ( (3*los[j * nx + i]) + (-4*los[(j-1) * nx + i]) - (-los[(j-2) * nx + i]) )*0.5;
       }
   
   
       for (i = 0; i <= nx-1; i++)
       {
           for (j = 0; j <= ny-1; j++)
           {
               if ( bitmask[j * nx + i] < 30 ) continue;
               if isnan(los[j * nx + i])      continue;
               if isnan(los[(j+1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(los[(j-1) * nx + i])  continue;
               if isnan(los[j * nx + i-1])    continue;
               if isnan(los[j * nx + i+1])    continue;
               if isnan(derx_los[j * nx + i]) continue;
               if isnan(dery_los[j * nx + i]) continue;
               sum += sqrt( derx_los[j * nx + i]*derx_los[j * nx + i]  + dery_los[j * nx + i]*dery_los[j * nx + i] ); /* Units of Gauss */
               count_mask++;
           }
       }
   
       *mean_derivative_los_ptr = (sum)/(count_mask); // would be divided by ((nx-2)*(ny-2)) if shape of count_mask = shape of magnetogram
   
       //printf("MEANGBL=%f\n",*mean_derivative_los_ptr);
   
           return 0;
   }
  
 /*==================KEIJI'S CODE =========================*/ /*==================KEIJI'S CODE =========================*/
  
Line 1121  void greenpot(float *bx, float *by, floa
Line 1505  void greenpot(float *bx, float *by, floa
  
 char *sw_functions_version() // Returns CVS version of sw_functions.c char *sw_functions_version() // Returns CVS version of sw_functions.c
 { {
   return strdup("$Id$");      return strdup("$Id");
 } }
  
 /* ---------------- end of this file ----------------*/ /* ---------------- end of this file ----------------*/


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Removed from v.1.20  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.42

Karen Tian
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